The European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA) has identified and ranked the ten top cyber security threats that it expects will emerge by 2030. The listing is the result of an eight-month ‘foresight exercise’ conducted with the support of the ENISA Foresight Expert Group, the CSIRTs Network, and the EU CyCLONe experts.
ENISA’s ranking of the top cyber security threats likely to emerge by 2030 is:
- Supply chain compromise of software dependencies
- Advanced disinformation campaigns
- Rise of digital surveillance authoritarianism/loss of privacy
- Human error and exploited legacy systems within cyber-physical ecosystems
- Targeted attacks enhanced by smart device data
- Lack of analysis and control of space-based infrastructure and objects
- Rise of advanced hybrid threats
- Skills shortage
- Cross-border ICT service providers as a single point of failure
- Artificial intelligence abuse.
ENISA says that: “The exercise shows that the threats identified and ranked stand as extremely diversified and still include those mostly relevant today. What we learn is that today's threats will remain to be addressed as they will have shifted in character. We also observe that increased dependencies and the popularisation of new technologies are essential factors driving the changes. Such factors add to the complexity of the exercise and thus make our understanding of threats even more challenging.”
View an infographic showing the top ten threats below: